Physical Geography: CGF3M (Grade 11, University/College Preparation)

Semester 2
Geography of Canada, Grade 9, Academic or Applied
Credit Value
Required Text
  • None

This course examines the major patterns of physical geography and the powerful forces that affect them. Students will investigate the dynamic nature of the earth, the evolving relationship between the planet and its people, and the factors that limit our ability to predict the changes that will occur. Students will use a wide range of geotechnologies and inquiry methods to investigate the distribution and interaction of the elements of their physical environment and to communicate their findings.

CGF3M is based on Canadian and World Studies, The Ontario Curriculum, Grades 11 and 12, Ministry of Education, 2005 and Course Profile, Physical Geography: Patterns, Processes, and Interactions, Grade 11 University/College Preparation, Ministry of Education, Spring 2001. It is comprised of five units, each of which has from five to ten activities. The first four units are term work; the final unit is the culminating task.

Units and Activities

Unit One: Planetary Systems

  • Unit Overview
  • Activity One – Ice Breaker
  • Activity Two – What Is a System
  • Activity Three – Solar System – Origins?
  • Activity Four – Earth within the System
  • Activity Five – Earth’s Spheres
  • Activity Six – Natural Systems Impact on Human Behaviour
  • Activity Seven – Ecozones
  • Activity Eight – Human Impact on Natural Systems
  • Activity Nine – Unit Test

Unit Two: Structure of the Earth

  • Unit Overview
  • Activity One – Geologic Time
  • Activity Two – Internal Structures of the Earth
  • Activity Three – Rocks and Minerals
  • Activity Four – Plate Tectonics, History and Evidence
  • Activity Five – Plate Movements
  • Activity Six – Earthquakes
  • Activity Seven – Human Response
  • Activity Eight – Volcanoes
  • Activity Nine – Human Hazards and Benefits

Unit Three: Gradational Processes

  • Activity One – Weathering and Erosion, Mass Wasting
  • Activity Two – Wind Action
  • Activity Three – Climatic Change and Glacial Formation
  • Activity Four – Continental and Alpine Glaciers
  • Activity Five – Wave Action and Coastal Features
  • Activity Six – Fluvial Actions
  • Activity Seven – Impact of Human Activities on Gradation
  • Activity Eight – Resource Benefits / Resource Misuses
  • Activity Nine – Culminating Unit Test

Unit Four: Weather and Climate

  • Activity One – Factors Affecting Climate
  • Activity Two – Climate Zones and Influence of Climate on Natural Systems
  • Activity Three – Ocean Currents and El Nino/La Nina
  • Activity Four – Thunderstorms, Hurricanes, and Tornadoes
  • Activity Five – Weather Forecasting
  • Activity Six – Human Influence on Climate
  • Activity Seven – Impact of Climate on the Economy
  • Activity Eight – Summative Evaluation on Climate Change

Unit Five: Culminating Activities

  • Activity One – A Report on a Natural Hazard
  • Activity Two – Final Exam